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TheLalbagh garden has demonstrated a marvellous capacity for accepting, accommodating and sheltering its vast and varied collection of flora. They cover a broad spectrum of intercontinental plant wealth.
Lalbagh was established during the time of Hyder Ali on the model of the Mogul garden at Sira. His son Tipu Sultan, who enriched this garden later, enlarged it, by the addition of varieties of flowering plants by procuring seeds and plants from Kabul, Persia, Mauritius and Turkey. Sir Mark Cubbon who took over this garden in 1856 and Cleghorn elevated it to a Botanical Garden. The garden is now regarded as a guiding centre for research, extension and developmental activities in the entire state.
Lalbagh is the name by which the famous garden at Bangalore is now known. But Lalbagh is not the original name of the garden. There are no records to prove that it was called Lalbagh till 1856. In earlier records it was referred to as the Mango Tope and the Cypress Garden. The reason why people stated calling it Lalbagh was due to the fact that there was a beautiful garden called Lalbagh at Srirangapatna. It was grown by Hyder and Tipu. The Gumbaz containing tombs of Hyder and Tipu is situated at the centre of the ground that was once a beloved garden Lalbagh of Tipu.
Ater the death of Tipu Sultan, Lalbagh came into the possession of the East India Company. Major Waugh stocked the gardens with a variety of foreign fruit trees, useful vegetables and curious plants. In 1831, on the assumption of administration of Mysore by the British Company, the Lalbagh passed into the hands of the Chief Commissioner of Mysore. In 1836, Lalbagh was transferred to the Agri-Horticultural Society Branch at Bangalore. In 1856, the Lalbagh became a Government Botanical Garden, a Government controlled establishment.
At the Rendition in 1881, the garden again passed to the Government of the Maharaja of Mysore. From the original area of 40 acres, the garden size was more than doubled. By the turn of the century, the total area of the gardens was more than 120 acres.
The Glass House
"In the necklace of Bangalore's parks, Lalbagh is the
pendant. And set at the heart of this pendant is a diamond
in the form of the Glass House.
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